Stanley, S. & Roodman, D. 2006. Center for Global Development
Researchers have written hundreds of papers on the causes and consequences of official foreign aid, while paying almost no attention to private overseas giving, by individuals, universities, foundations, and corporations. Yet private giving is significant - some $15.5 billion/year, compared to more than $60 billion/year in public giving - and is in no small part an outcome of public policy. In most rich countries, tax deductions and credits lower the "price" of charity to donors. And governments with low tax revenue/GDP ratios leave more money in private pockets for private charity. To correct the near-complete lack of information on this de facto aid policy, we survey officials of 21 donor nations on the use of tax incentives to promote private charity.